Dyspareunia, or pain during and after sex, can occur for a variety of reasons. Both men and women are affected. Some factors are more likely to affect you during sex, while others are more likely to effect you subsequently, or both.
It’s critical to figure out what’s causing the discomfort, as it could be an indication of a more serious underlying illness that has to be addressed or something that can be simply remedied so you may resume your sex life.
Sexually transmitted infections-Pain can be caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) both during and after sex. To rule out possible causes such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, or herpes, you should visit your local Genitourinary Medicine (GUM) clinic.
If left untreated, chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to long-term difficulties with painful sex and possibly diminished fertility. It’s possible that you’ll need to see a doctor about your relationship or sexual connections.
Vaginitis-Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vaginal wall that can cause stiffness and swelling, as well as itching, pain, and discharge. Infections are the most prevalent cause of vaginitis, however it can also be caused by an allergic reaction. Sex may aggravate vaginitis-related irritation.
Thrush– Vaginal infection or inflammation can cause pain during and after intercourse. Thrush is a simple to treat infection that can cause stinging, burning, swelling, and a thick white discharge. If you believe this is the case, speak with your pharmacist because treatment can be done over the counter.
Urinary tract infection – A urinary tract infection can cause pain in the pelvis and vaginal regions. This might cause irritation or inflammation during sexual activity.
Allergic reaction– Pain during or after sex can be caused by an irritation or allergic reaction to a latex condom, lubrication, soap, shampoo, or other goods.
Not in the mood– It might be made more painful if you aren’t in the mood or aren’t ready for sex. Always prepare foreplay so that you are prepared, and you will feel more at ease.
Insufficient lubrication– A common issue is insufficient lubrication. Vaginal dryness can be caused by a lack of oestrogen and is related to where you are in your natural cycle or around or after menopause. Women who are having hormonal therapy for certain types of malignancies may experience dryness, which can be quite upsetting.
In all circumstances, you can try using a generous amount of lubricant, and if that isn’t enough, chat to your doctor about whether hormonal medications are acceptable in the event of menopause or after cancer treatment (e.g. oestrogen gel). They’ll go over the possible adverse effects and precautions.
Vulvodynia– Vulvodynia is the sensation of vulval burning and soreness that occurs in the absence of any skin ailment or infection, and is mainly caused by irritation or hypersensitivity of the vulval nerve fibers. The exact causes are yet unknown. Vulvodynia can cause throbbing, burning, or stinging in the vaginal area, as well as pain after intercourse.
Sperm allergy- You might also want to ask your doctor about the possibility of sperm allergy (which is fairly uncommon), as a partner’s sperm has been known to irritate a woman’s vagina, with symptoms appearing after sex rather than during it. Hives and general itching are examples of this.
You could try condoms to see if they assist (rather than spermicidal lotion, which can irritate), but if your problems persist, consult your doctor.